Journal of the Medical Library Association <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em><em> (JMLA)</em> is the premier journal in health sciences librarianship, dedicated to advancing the practice and research knowledgebase of health sciences librarianship and providing <a href="/ojs/jmla/pages/view/equity" target="_self">equitable opportunities</a> for authors, reviewers, and editorial team members.</p><p><span><a href="">Read issues of the <em>JMLA</em> prior to January 2016 on PMC</a></span></p> University Library System, University of Pittsburgh en-US Journal of the Medical Library Association 1536-5050 Erratum to “How accurate are gender detection tools in predicting the gender for Chinese names? A study with 20,000 given names in Pinyin format,” 2021;110(2):205–11. <p>The PDF version of this article reflected an older version of the article with an incorrect URL for reference 17, while the HTML version was correct. The PDF has been updated to the correct version.</p> Charlene Dundek Copyright (c) 2022 Charlene Dundek 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 110 2 E33 E33 10.5195/jmla.2022.1544 Erratum to “Performance of gender detection tools: a comparative study of name-to-gender inference services,” 2021;109(3):414–21 and “Using to infer the gender of first names: how to improve the accuracy of the inference,” 2021;109(4):609–12. <p>The reference for Gender API in both of these manuscripts linked to the wrong Gender API tool. The correct URL is &lt;;. The original articles have both been updated to reflect this change.</p> Paul Sebo Copyright (c) 2022 Paul Sebo 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 E32 E32 10.5195/jmla.2022.1528 Erratum to: Bloss JE, LePrevost CE, Cofie LE, Lee JGL. Creating information resources and trainings for farmworker-serving community health workers. J Med Libr Assoc. 2022;110(1):113–118. DOI: <p>The following funding disclosure was left out of the manuscript during the submission and production process. The original manuscript has been updated to include this statement.</p> <h1>FUNDING STATEMENT</h1> <p>Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number G08LM013198. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.</p> Jamie E Bloss Copyright (c) 2022 Jamie E Bloss 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 110 2 E31 E31 10.5195/jmla.2022.1497 Erratum to: Pionke JJ, Phillips K, Migdalski A, Smith EM. Advocacy is all of us: recommendations to enhance the Medical Library Association’s advocacy initiatives. J Med Libr Assoc. 2022;110(1):5-14. DOI: <p>The name of one of the authors was misstated during the manuscript submission and publication process. The author’s name Kathryn Phillips was corrected to Kathleen Phillips. The original manuscript has been updated to reflect this change.</p> JJ Pionke Copyright (c) 2022 JJ Pionke 2022-02-16 2022-02-16 110 2 E30 E30 10.5195/jmla.2022.1489 Patricia Gallagher (1954–2021) Stephen J. Greenberg Copyright (c) 2022 Stephen J. Greenberg 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 264–265 264–265 10.5195/jmla.2022.1478 Insights and opinions of readers of the Journal of the Medical Library Association <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em> (<em>JMLA</em>) conducted a readership survey in 2020 to gain a deeper understanding of our readers, their reading habits, and their satisfaction with <em>JMLA</em>’s content, website functionality, and overall quality. A total of 467 readers responded to the survey, most of whom were librarians/information specialists (85%), worked in an academic (62%) or hospital/health care system (27%) library, and were current Medical Library Association members (80%). Most survey respondents (46%) reported reading <em>JMLA</em> articles on a quarterly basis. Over half of respondents (53%) said they used social media to follow new research or publications, with Twitter being the most popular platform. Respondents stated that Original Investigations, Case Reports, Knowledge Syntheses, and Resource Reviews articles were the most enjoyable to read and important to their research and practice. Almost all respondents reported being satisfied or very satisfied (94%) with the <em>JMLA</em> website. Some respondents felt that the content of <em>JMLA</em> leaned more toward academic librarianship than toward clinical/hospital librarianship and that there were not enough articles on collection management or technical services. These opinions and insights of our readers help keep the <em>JMLA</em> editorial team on track toward publishing articles that are of interest and utility to our audience, raising reader awareness of new content, providing a website that is easy to navigate and use, and maintaining our status as the premier journal in health sciences librarianship.</p> Katherine G. Akers JJ Pionke Ellen Aaronson Rachel Koenig Michelle Kraft Beverly Murphy Copyright (c) 2022 Katherine G. Akers, JJ Pionke, Ellen Aaronson, Michelle Kraft, Rachel Koenig, Beverly Murphy 2021-12-15 2021-12-15 110 2 156–158 156–158 10.5195/jmla.2022.1458 Dr. Howard A. Kelly’s The Stereo Clinic: health science pedagogy and the egalitarian future of 3D clinical visualization <p>This article situates emerging three-dimensional (3D) visualization technologies in the health sciences within the broader historical context of the stereoscope. Although 3D visualization technologies enhance pedagogy and deepen student engagement, they are generally cost-prohibitive and therefore inaccessible for many institutions. In light of this issue, the authors consider the work of American gynecologist and founding member of The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, Dr. Howard Atwood Kelly (1858–1943). A monumental work, Kelly’s <em>The Stereo Clinic</em> is a multivolume publication whose focal point was the stereoscope, an image-viewing device that can be seen as a prototype for present-day 3D technologies. Each installment presents a step-by-step overview of a specific surgical procedure using a didactic narrative and corresponding stereoscopic images that illustrate the clinical practices. Significantly, Kelly understood <em>The</em> <em>Stereo Clinic </em>as an egalitarian project that provided high-quality educational resources to students and practicing physicians who did not have access to world-class clinical suites and teaching institutions. Furthermore, he viewed <em>The</em> <em>Stereo Clinic </em>as a remedy to the commonplace frustrations of medical education, such as crowded surgical suites, and the hazards of in-person observation. <em>The Stereo Clinic</em> is an important case study because it reveals a medical profession at the turn of the twentieth century preoccupied with 3D visualization. Inventive clinicians such as Kelly did not only advocate for this technology on the strength of its pedagogical value; they also articulated the equalitarian nature of this medium and produced 3D technology accessible to a wide audience.</p> Sebastian C. Galbo Keith C. Mages Copyright (c) 2022 Sebastian C. Galbo, Keith C. Mages 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 258–263 258–263 10.5195/jmla.2022.1450 PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S: common questions on tracking records and the flow diagram <p>The PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S guidelines help systematic review teams report their reviews clearly, transparently, and with sufficient detail to enable reproducibility. PRISMA 2020, an updated version of the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement, is complemented by PRISMA-S, an extension to PRISMA focusing on reporting the search components of systematic reviews. Several significant changes were implemented in PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S when compared with the original version of PRISMA in 2009, including the recommendation to report search strategies for <em>all </em>databases, registries, and websites that were searched. PRISMA-S also recommends reporting the number of records identified from each information source. One of the most challenging aspects of the new guidance from both documents has been changes to the flow diagram. In this article, we review some of the common questions about using the PRISMA 2020 flow diagram and tracking records through the systematic review process.</p> Melissa L. Rethlefsen Matthew J. Page Copyright (c) 2022 Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Matthew J. Page 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 110 2 253–257 253–257 10.5195/jmla.2022.1449 Keep calm and carry on: moral panic, predatory publishers, peer review, and the emperor’s new clothes <p class="AbstractParagraph">The moral panic over the impact of so-called predatory publishers continues unabated. It is important, however, to resist the urge to simply join in this crusade without pausing to examine the assumptions upon which such concerns are based. It is often assumed that established journals are almost sacrosanct, and that their quality, secured by peer review, is established. It is also routinely presumed that such journals are immune to the lure of easy money in return for publication. Rather than looking at the deficits that may be apparent in the practices and products of predatory publishers, this commentary invites you to explore the weaknesses that have been exposed in traditional academic journals but are seldom discussed in the context of predatory publishing. The inherent message for health and medical services staff, researchers, academics, and students is, as always, to critically evaluate all sources of information, whatever their provenance.</p> Frank Houghton Copyright (c) 2022 Frank Houghton 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 233–239 233–239 10.5195/jmla.2022.1441 121st Annual Meeting, Medical Library Association, Inc., May 10–27, 2021 <p>The Medical Library Association (MLA) held its 121st annual meeting virtually May 10–May 27, 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The meeting was entitled “MLA ‘21 vConference,” and the theme was “Transforming Our Diversifying Communities.”</p> Ellen M. Aaronson JJ Pionke Copyright (c) 2022 Ellen M. Aaronson, AHIP 2022-02-11 2022-02-11 110 2 E1–E29 E1–E29 10.5195/jmla.2022.1438 Supporting the Spectrum Scholarship Program: perspectives from the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group <p class="AbstractParagraph">The immediate past presidents and current president of the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group write to raise awareness of the American Library Association Spectrum Scholarship Program, share their approach to supporting Scholars in their region, and encourage Medical Library Association (MLA) chapters and MLA at large to build stronger infrastructures to support Black, Indigenous, and People of Color librarians who are in school and recently graduated.</p> Sarah McClung Rachel Keiko Stark Megan De Armond Copyright (c) 2022 Sarah McClung, Rachel Keiko Stark, Megan De Armond 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 243–246 243–246 10.5195/jmla.2022.1432 Creating a more inclusive journal: the Journal of the Medical Library Association’s evolving process for selecting editorial board members <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em> (<em>JMLA)</em> selects new editorial board members every year. In the spring of 2021, <em>JMLA</em> used a new process for reviewing and selecting applicants for the limited number of open editorial board positions. This reevaluation of the selection process was spurred by a desire to create a more diverse and representative board. Changes to the procedures for selecting new editorial board members included having an open call for editorial board members, creating an application form, creating a selection committee to screen applicants, creating a form for the selection committee to extract data from applications, and creating a two-step process for screening and then selecting board members. As part of construction of this new process, areas for continued improvement were also identified, such as refining the application form to allow more specific answers to areas of interest to the selection committee. The newly created selection process for editorial board members constitutes a significant change in <em>JMLA</em> processes; however, more can be done to build on this work by further refining the selection process and ensuring that new members are selected in a transparent and streamlined manner.</p> Margaret Henderson John W. Cyrus Erin R. B. Eldermire Jill T. Boruff Katherine G. Akers Beverly Murphy Copyright (c) 2022 John W. Cyrus, Margaret Henderson, Erin R.B. Eldermire, Jill T. Boruff, Beverly Murphy, Katherine G. Akers 2021-11-04 2021-11-04 110 2 1–4 1–4 10.5195/jmla.2022.1430 Disseminating medical literature and knowledge in India in the 1980s: the SMLRT story <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span style="background: white;">The informed netizen of today is in a state of information overload. With 785 million broadband subscribers and an urban and rural teledensity of 138% and 60%, respectively [1], India is already the second-largest online digital market. Today, in theory, medical journals and textbooks can be accessed by anyone, anytime, anywhere, and at affordable rates. Fifty odd years ago, when the authors entered medical school, the use of computers in medical education was unknown in India, as in other parts of the world. It was in this milieu, thirty-seven years ago, that eleven young Madras (Chennai)-based doctors decided to make medical literature easily accessible, particularly to clinicians in suburban and rural India. The aim was to make relevant, affordable reprints easily available to the practitioner at their place of work or study. Photocopying and using the postal service was the chosen, and indeed the only available, mode of operation. This article will outline the methodology used, trials and tribulations faced, and persistence displayed. At that time, the processes deployed appeared relevant and truly innovative. Over the ensuing years, developments in information technology made the services redundant. Extensive, even revolutionary, changes such as universal digitization and availability of a cost-effective Internet radically changed how medical literature could be accessed in India. </span></p> Krishnan Ganapathy Arjun Rajagopalan Gita Arjun Seshadri Suresh Krishnan Sriram Copyright (c) 2022 Krishnan Ganapathy; Arjun Rajagopalan; Gita Arjun; Seshadri Suresh; Krishnan Sriram 2022-02-11 2022-02-11 110 2 146–151 146–151 10.5195/jmla.2022.1424 A health education outreach partnership between an academic medical library and public library: lessons learned before and during a pandemic <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Background:</span></span> Public libraries serve as community centers for accessing free, trustworthy health information. As such, they provide an ideal setting to teach the local community about health and health literacy, particularly during public health crises like the COVID-19 pandemic. Since 2018, an outreach partnership between an academic medical library and public library has developed, delivered, and continuously evaluated a health education program targeting public library users.</p> <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Case Presentation:</span></span> Health education activities were integrated into three existing public library programs: adult workshops, child and family programming, and circulating family activity kits. Prior to COVID-19, events were held at the public library, which then pivoted online during the pandemic. An interprofessional team approach combined the expertise of academic medical and public librarians, medical school faculty and staff, and medical students in developing the educational programs. Twelve in-person and five virtual programs were offered, and five circulating health education family kits were launched. Activities were assessed using program evaluation surveys of the adult and children’s programs and circulation statistics of the kits.</p> <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Conclusions:</span></span> This case report showcases the lessons learned from implementing a longitudinal outreach partnership between an academic medical library and public library before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The interprofessional team approach and flexibility in program design and delivery in both the in-person and virtual environments proved critical to the success of the partnership. This partnership could serve as a model for other libraries interested in pursuing interprofessional collaborations in educating local communities on healthy behavior and health information–seeking practices.</p> Stephanie M. Swanberg Nancy Bulgarelli Mithya Jayakumar Erin Look Tyler B. Shubitowski Rose Wedemeyer Emily W. Yuen Victoria C. Lucia Copyright (c) 2022 Stephanie M. Swanberg, Nancy Bulgarelli, Mithya Jayakumar, Erin Look, Tyler B. Shubitowski, Rose Wedemeyer, Emily W. Yuen, Victoria C. Lucia 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 212–221 212–221 10.5195/jmla.2022.1413 Implementing an institution-wide electronic lab notebook initiative <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Background:</span></span> <span style="color: black;">To strengthen institutional research data management practices, the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM) licensed an electronic lab notebook (ELN) to improve the organization, security, and shareability of information and data generated by the school’s researchers. The Ruth Lilly Medical Library led implementation on behalf of the IUSM’s Office of Research Affairs.</span></p> <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Case </span></span><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">P</span></span><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">resentation:</span></span> <span style="color: black;">This article describes the pilot and full-scale implementation of an ELN at IUSM. The initial pilot of the ELN in late 2018 involved fifteen research labs with access expanded in 2019 to all academic medical school constituents. The Ruth Lilly Medical Library supports researchers using the electronic lab notebook by (1) delivering trainings that cover strategies for adopting an ELN and a hands-on demo of the licensed ELN, (2) providing one-on-one consults with research labs or groups as needed, and (3) developing best practice guidance and template notebooks to assist in adoption of the ELN. The library also communicates availability of the ELN to faculty, students, and staff through presentations delivered at department meetings and write-ups in the institution's newsletter as appropriate.</span></p> <p class="AbstractParagraph"><span class="TitleInline"><span style="border: none;">Conclusion:</span></span> <span style="color: black;">As of August 2021, there are 829 users at IUSM. Ongoing challenges include determining what support to offer beyond the existing training, sustaining adoption of the ELN within research labs, and defining “successful” adoption at the institution level. By leading the development of this service, the library is more strongly integrated and visible in the research activities of the institution, particularly as related to information and data management. </span></p> Erin D. Foster Elizabeth C. Whipple Gabriel R. Rios Copyright (c) 2022 Erin D. Foster, Elizabeth C. Whipple, Gabriel R. Rios 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 222–227 222–227 10.5195/jmla.2022.1407 The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century Melissa Grafe Copyright (c) 2022 Melissa Grafe 2021-10-20 2021-10-20 110 2 267–268 267–268 10.5195/jmla.2022.1406 Great Library Events: From Planning to Promoting to Evaluation Anne Romano Copyright (c) 2022 Anne Romano 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 110 2 266 266 10.5195/jmla.2022.1405 Health sciences librarians of African heritage: an earnest entreaty for research <p class="AbstractParagraph">In view of recent discussions of diversity in library work, it would seem prudent to have a good understanding of basic facts and considered opinions of health sciences librarians of African heritage concerning their career experiences, opportunities for advancement, perceptions of negative behavior in the library, experiences of bias and discrimination in the library, existence of special information needs of patrons of African heritage, and interactions with non-African-heritage medical librarians and staff. Since there is a dearth of literature and research on these topics, this commentary will attempt to stimulate and encourage such work by providing a brief summary of currently available literature and research and providing some ideas for future academic endeavors.</p> Charles Raymond Fikar Barbara Hallas Copyright (c) 2022 Charles Raymond Fikar, Barbara Hallas 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 110 2 240–242 240–242 10.5195/jmla.2022.1401 World Health Organization’s Early AI-supported Response with Social Listening Platform Bethany S. McGowan Copyright (c) 2022 Bethany S. McGowan 2021-11-22 2021-11-22 110 2 273–275 273–275 10.5195/jmla.2022.1398 Kristine M. Alpi, AHIP, FMLA, Medical Library Association President, 2021–2022 <span>In this profile, </span><span>Kristine M. Alpi, AHIP, FMLA, Medical Library Association (MLA) president, 2021–2022, is described as committed to public health, professional development, and the growth and evolution of MLA. She teaches and speaks on the shared health impact from interactions among animals, humans, and the environment, and she mentors graduate students and fellows in librarianship and informatics. Alpi earned her PhD in educational research and policy analysis in 2018 and directs the Oregon Health &amp; Science University Library. </span> Patricia E. Gallagher Copyright (c) 2021 Patricia E. Gallagher 2021-11-22 2021-11-22 110 2 526–527 526–527 10.5195/jmla.2021.1387 Data disaggregation: the case of Asian and Pacific Islander data and the role of health sciences librarians <p class="AbstractParagraph">Health disparities within Asian and Pacific Islander (API) communities are often masked due to aggregated data. Lack of adequate data limits required health care services for these communities. While moving forward toward health equity, it is critical that disparities for API communities are acknowledged and addressed. This article focuses on the issues of aggregated data for API communities followed by suggestions on how health sciences librarians can support and promote better practices for data disaggregation.</p> Seema Bhakta Copyright (c) 2022 Seema Bhakta 2022-02-11 2022-02-11 110 2 133–138 133–138 10.5195/jmla.2022.1372 COVID Chronicles: A Comics Anthology Tenley Sablatzky Copyright (c) 2022 Tenley Sablatzky 2022-02-11 2022-02-11 110 2 155 155 10.5195/jmla.2022.1369 Integration of arts and humanities in medicine to develop well-rounded physicians: the roles of health sciences librarians <p>Over the past ten years, there has been a growing interest in integrating arts and humanities in medicine to increase learners’ empathy and resilience; improve personal well-being, communication, and observational skills; enhance self-reflection; and promote professionalism. These desired skills and qualities are becoming increasingly important for the physicians of tomorrow. Parallel to curricular interventions of integrating arts and humanities to medical education, there has been ​an increasing research interest in investigating the impact of such interventions on medical students with respect to improving and sustaining students’ empathy as they progress in their medical education and develop their professional identity. Research has yielded interesting findings on the types and effect of the interventions in the medical curriculum. The Association of the American Medical Colleges (AAMC), recognizing the unique and unrealized role of arts and humanities in preparing and equipping physicians for twenty-first-century challenges, proposed seven recommendations for advancing arts and humanities integration into medical education to improve the education, practice, and well-being of physicians and physician learners across the spectrum of medical education. Institutional initiatives of arts and humanities integration in the medical curriculum in response to the AAMC’s recommendations afford health sciences librarians expansive opportunities and a new landscape of playing an important role in these initiatives. With their diverse educational background in arts, humanities, social sciences, and many other disciplines and fields, health sciences librarians are poised for meaningful contributions to their institutional goals in developing a humanistic, compassionate workforce of future physicians.</p> Misa Mi Lin Wu Yingting Zhang Wendy Wu Copyright (c) 2022 Misa Mi, Lin Wu, Yingting Zhang, Wendy Wu 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 110 2 247–252 247–252 10.5195/jmla.2022.1368 Sharing electronically and accessibly in library-led instruction <p><span>The electronic information and technology accessibility project is a strategic overhauling of the digital instructional materials of the Health Sciences Library System (HSLS) to comply with the accessibility standards established in a 2020 University of Pittsburgh policy. Though these technologies have existed for quite some time, library instructors were not skilled in the actual creation and design of documents, web content, and presentations with accessibility in mind. Over the past year and a half, a team within HSLS developed detailed guidance and education on universal design and creating an inclusive online learning environment. These guidelines were developed in accordance with Section 508 and the WCAG2.1, with a focus on an improved experience for the D/deaf community and those with visual impairments. We initially made accessibility improvements to online subject guides, in-person presentations, and digitally shared class materials. The COVID-19 pandemic and complete shift to virtual instruction then necessitated the evaluation of platforms used in remote learning (such as Zoom and Panopto), where accessibility best practices needed to be incorporated. This article highlights going beyond in-program accessibility checkers and describes how library technology experts and content creators worked together to bridge the gap of accessibility in the information we share.</span></p> Julia Jankovic Dahm Julia Grace Reese Copyright (c) 2021 Julia Jankovic Dahm, Julia Grace Reese 2021-11-22 2021-11-22 110 2 690–692 690–692 10.5195/jmla.2021.1361 Analyzing University of Virginia Health publications using open data, Python, and Streamlit <p class="Paragraph SCXW227531215 BCX0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; user-select: text; -webkit-user-drag: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; vertical-align: baseline; font-kerning: none; background-color: transparent; color: windowtext; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px;"><span>As part of a larger project to understand the publishing choices of UVA Health authors and support open access publishing, a team from the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library analyzed an open data set from Europe PMC, which includes metadata from PubMed records. We used the Europe PMC REST API to search for articles published in 2017–2020 with “University of Virginia” in the author affiliation field. Subsequently, we parsed the JSON metadata in Python and used Streamlit to create a data visualization from our public GitHub repository. At present, this shows the relative proportions of open access versus subscription-only articles published by UVA Health authors. Although subscription services like Web of Science, Scopus, and Dimensions allow users to do similar analyses, we believe this is a novel approach to doing this type of bibliometric research with open data and</span><span> </span><span>open source</span><span> </span><span>tools.</span><span> </span><span> </span></p> Anson Parker Abbey Heflin Lucy Carr Jones Copyright (c) 2021 Anson Parker, Abbey Heflin, Lucy Carr Jones 2021-11-22 2021-11-22 110 2 688–689 688–689 10.5195/jmla.2021.1360