Teaching high school students to use online consumer health resources on mobile phones: outcome of a pilot project in Oyo State, Nigeria

Grace Ada Ajuwon, Ademola Johnson Ajuwon

Abstract


Objective: This project evaluated the outcomes of training high school students to deliver consumer health information to their peers.

Methods: A total of 120 students selected from 7 high schools in Oyo state, Nigeria, received 8 hours of training on consumer health literacy and peer education, which is a process of training volunteers to deliver health information to their peers. The training included hands-on activities using the students’ own mobile phones. After the training, peer educators distributed leaflets, showed consumer health information (CHI) websites to others, counseled and referred fellow students, and submitted forms describing these activities. All peer educators completed pre- and post-tests, and 10 were interviewed 4 months after training.

Results: After the training, the authors found improvement in the trainees’ knowledge of CHI resources and understanding of their roles as peer educators. Most peer educators (72.5%) delivered CHI to their peers after the training, primarily through sharing websites on teen health and other CHI resources. In the interviews, all peer educators reported direct benefits from participating in the project, and many stated that they knew where to find reliable health information.

Conclusion: Volunteer high school students can be trained to deliver CHI to their peers using mobile phones.

Keywords


Health Literacy; Consumer Health Information; Peer Education; Adolescents; Mobile Phones; Nigeria

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Medical Library Association Task Force on Health Information. What is health information literacy [Internet]. The Association [cited 1 Feb 2019]. . (members only).

Medical Library Association. Health information literacy: MLA health information literacy research project. Consumer health information summary report [Internet]. The Association; 11 Feb 2008 [cited 12 Apr 2009]. . (no longer avaible).

Kars M, Baker LM, Wilson FL, eds. The Medical Library Association guide to health literacy. New York, NY: Neal-Schuman Publishers; 2008.

Shipman JP, Kurtz-Rossi S, Funk CJ. The health information literacy research project. J Med Libr Assoc. 2009 Oct;97(4):293–301. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3163/1536-5050.97.4.014.

Rambo N. Exploring health information literacy. MLA News. 2004 Feb;363:11.

Nielsen-Bohlman L, Panzer AM, Kindig DA, eds; Institute of Medicine. Health literacy: a prescription to end confusion. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2004.

Ratzan SC, Parker RM. Introduction. In: National Library of Medicine current bibliographies in medicine: health literacy. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services; 2000.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2020. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2000.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health literacy: accurate, accessible and actionable health information for all [Internet]. The Centers; 2011 [cited 16 Jun 2018]. .

Ajuwon GA, Kamua N, Kinyengyere A, Muziringa M. Consumer health information literacy promotion program in public and community libraries in Africa: experience from Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. J Consum Health Internet. 2017;21(4):350–36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2017.1376180.

Pleasant A. Health literacy around the world, health literacy efforts outside of the United States: workshop summaries. Institute of Medicine; 2013.

Smith S, Duman M. The state of consumer health information: an overview. Health Inf Libr J. 2009 Dec;26(4):260–78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00870.x.

Arndt TS. Health literacy: a natural role for librarians. Ref Serv Rev. 2016;44(2):81–4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/RSR-04-2016-0026.

Caufield-Noll C, Gorman L. Heart-healthy conversations: a librarian-physician partnership to promote disease management and wellness information to cardiology patients. J Consum Health Internet. 2017;21(2):148–8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2017.1309169.

Wallace RL, Woodward NJ, Willett J. Partnering with an area hospital to provide senior consumer health information. J Consum Health Internet. 2011;15(4):330–7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2011.623573.

Ulmer PA, Robishaw S. Information prescriptions: providing health information at the inpatient’s point of medical need. J Consum Health Internet. 2010;14(2):138–9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398281003781006.

Rubenstein E. Knowing how to help: providing health information in public libraries. J Consum Health Internet. 2016;20(3):114–29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2016.1198111.

Carter NJ, Wallace RL. Collaborating with public libraries, public health departments, and rural hospitals to provide consumer health information services. J Consum Health Internet. 2007;11(4):1–14. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J381v11n04_01.

Smith CAS, Hundal S, Keselman A. Knowledge gaps among public librarians seeking vaccination information: a qualitative study. J Consum Health Internet. 2014;18(1):44–6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2014.869168.

Luo L, Park T. Preparing public librarians for consumer health information service: a nationwide study. Libr Inf Sci Res. 2013 Oct;35(4):310–7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lisr.2013.06.002.

Barr-Walker J. Health literacy and libraries: a literature review. Ref Serv Rev. 2016;44(2):191–205. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/RSR-02-2016-0005.

Warner DG, Olney CA, Wood FB, Hansen L, Bowden VM. High school peer tutors teach MedlinePlus: a model for Hispanic outreach. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005 Apr;93(2):243–2.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2017: STDs in adolescents and young adults [Internet]. The Centers; 2004 [cited 6 Feb 2019]. .

Manganello JA. Health literacy and adolescents: a framework and agenda for future research. Health Educ Res. 2008 Oct;23(5):840–7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cym069.

Institute for Healthcare Improvement/National Patient Safety Foundation. Ask me 3: good questions for your good health [Internet]. Boston, MA: The Foundation; 2016 [cited 6 Feb 2019]. .

Figg B. A review of Girlshealth.gov. J Consum Health Internet. 2017;21(2):188–200. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15398285.2017.1311603.

Saylor K, Schnitzer AE, Allee N, Blumenthal JA. Transformational outreach program for an academic health sciences library: looking beyond research institutions. Coll Res Libr News. 2011 Feb;72(2):86–9.

Lewinsohn PM, Hops H, Roberts RE. Adolescent psychopathology: prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. J Abnorm Psychol. 1993 Feb;102(1):133–4.

Ybarra ML, Emenyonu N, Nansera D, Kiwanuka J, Bangsberg DR. Health information seeking among Mbararan adolescents: results from the Uganda Media and You survey. Health Educ Res. 2008 Apr;23(2):249–58. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cym026.

Beck F, Richard J, Nguyen-Thanh V, Montagni I, Parizot I, Renahy E. Use of the Internet as a health information resource among French young adults: results from a nationally representative survey. J Med Internet Res. 2014 May;16(5):e128. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.2934.

Gray NJ, Klein JD, Noyce PR, Sesselberg TS, Cantrill JA. Health information seeking behavior in adolescence: the place of the Internet. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Apr;60(7):1467–78.

Peer education [Internet]. [cited 29 Jul 2018]. . (no longer available).

Stellefson M, Hanik B, Chaney B, Chaney D, Tennant B, Chavarria EA. eHealth literacy among college students: a systematic review with implications for eHealth education. J Med Internet Res 2011 Dec 1;13(4):e102.

Ijiwole T. Effects of short message service on the reproductive health knowledge of female secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria [master of public health (MPH) dissertation]. Ibadan, Nigeria: University of Ibadan; 2015.

Nigerian National Communication Commission. Estimated number of active mobile phone users in Nigeria [Internet]. The Commission; 31 Dec 2017 [cited 16 Jun 2018]. .

Osowole O. Effectiveness of AIDS education using sign language among deaf secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria [PhD thesis]. Ibadan, Nigeria: University of Ibadan.

Ajuwon AJ. Effects of educational intervention on knowledge, attitude and practice of reproductive health among selected secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria [doctoral thesis]. Ibadan, Nigeria: University of Ibadan; 2000.

Ajuwon AJ, Brieger WR. Evaluation of a school-based reproductive education program in rural South Western Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2007 Aug;11(2):47–59.

Ajuwon AJ, Titiloye MA, Oshiname FO. Effects of peer education on knowledge and use of HIV counselling and testing services among young persons’ in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Biomed Res. 2015;18:161–70.

Fee D, Youssef N. Young people, AIDS and STD prevention: experiences of peer approaches in developing countries [unpublished report]. World Health Organization; 1993.

Association for Reproductive and Family Health. The West African Youth Initiative: promoting change in adolescent health through peer education [unpublished report]. The Association; 1998.

International Center on Adolescent Fertility. It won’t happen to me: STD and adolescents. Passages. 1990;11(1):1–4.

The current of learning and technology today. The Current [Internet]. [1 Jan 2017; cited 28 Jul 2018]. .




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.536

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Grace Ada Ajuwon, Ademola Johnson Ajuwon

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.