Librarians collaborating to teach evidence-based practice: exploring partnerships with professional organizations


  • Kerry Dhakal Assistant Professor and Research and Education Librarian, Health Sciences Library, The Ohio State University, 376 West 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210



Surveys and Questionnaires, Education, Evidence-Based Practice, Continuing Education, Continuing Nursing Education, Instruction, Librarians, Professional Nursing Organizations, Professional Healthcare Organizations, Interprofessional Relations


Objective: The study sought to determine if librarians are collaborating with nurses and professional nursing organizations to teach evidence-based practice (EBP) continuing education courses, workshop, classes, or other training activities.

Methods: A 15-question survey was sent to 1,845 members of the Medical Library Association through email.

Results: The survey was completed by 201 consenting respondents. Some respondents (37) reported having experience teaching continuing education in collaboration with professional health care organizations and 8 respondents, more specifically, reported having experience teaching EBP continuing education courses, workshops, classes, or other training activities in collaboration with professional nursing organizations.

Conclusions: The survey results suggest that librarians do not have a systematic approach as a community of practitioners to seek out collaboration opportunities with professional nursing organizations to teach EBP continuing education courses, workshops, classes, or other training activities.

Author Biography

Kerry Dhakal, Assistant Professor and Research and Education Librarian, Health Sciences Library, The Ohio State University, 376 West 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210

Assistant Professor, Research and Education Librarian

Health Sciences Library

The Ohio State University 



Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The future of nursing: leading change, advancing health: report recommendations [Internet]. 2010 [cited 31 Jul 2017]. <>.

Melnyk BM, Fineout-Overholt E. Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer; 2015.

Dalheim A, Harthug S, Nilsen RM, Nortvedt MW. Factors influencing the development of evidence-based practice among nurses: a self-report survey. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012 Oct;12(367):1–10. DOI:

Pravikoff DS, Tanner AB, Pierce ST. Readiness of U.S. nurses for evidence-based practice. Am J Nurs. 2005 Sep;105(9):40,51;quiz 52 [cited 5 Sep 2017]. <>.(Subscription required.)

Melnyk BM, Gallagher-Ford L, Long LE, Fineout-Overholt E. The establishment of evidence-based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real-world clinical settings: proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Pract/Sigma Theta Tau International Society, Honor Society of Nursing. 2014 Feb;11(1):5–15. DOI:

Phelps SF, Hyde L, Planchon Wolf J. Introducing information literacy competency standards for nursing. Nurse Educ. 2015 Nov;40(6):278–80. DOI: (Subscription required.)

Hain D, Haras S. Changing nephrology nurses’ beliefs about the value of evidence-based practice and their ability to implement in clinical practice. Nephrol Nurs J. 2015 Nov/Dec;42(6):562–6 [cited 31 Jul 2017]. <>. (Subscription required.)

Ginex PK, Hernandez M, Vrabel M. A clinical librarian-nursing partnership to bridge clinical practice and research in an oncology setting. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2016 Sep;43(5):549–52. DOI:

Dee CR, Reynolds P. Lifelong learning for nurses—building a strong future. Med Ref Serv Q. 2013 Oct;32(4):451–8. DOI:

Winsett RP, Moutseous M. Collaboration with hospital librarians to engage nurses in evidence-based practice education. J Hosp Libr. 2012 Oct;12(4):309–16. DOI:

Arguelles C. Evidence-based practice mentors: taking information literacy to the units in a teaching hospital. J Hosp Libr. 2011 Nov;11(1):8–22. DOI:

Schulte SJ, Sherwill-Navarro PJ. Nursing educators’ perceptions of collaboration with librarians. J Med Libr Assoc. 2009 Jan;97(1):57–60. DOI:

Klem ML, Weiss PM. Evidence-based resources and the role of librarians in developing evidence-based practice curricula. J Prof Nurs. 2005 Nov–Dec;21(6):380–7. DOI:

Dee C, Stanley EE. Information seeking behavior of nursing students and clinical nurses: implications for health sciences librarians. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005 Apr;93(2):213–22.

Marshall JG, Sollenberger J, Easterby-Gannett S, Morgan LK, Klem ML, Cavanaugh SK, Oliver KB, Thompson CA, Romanosky N, Hunter S. The value of library and information services in patient care: results of a multisite study. J Med Libr Assoc. 2013 Jan;101(1):38–46. DOI:

Allen MP, Jacobs SK, Levy J, Pierce S, Pravikoff D, Tanner A. Continuing education as a catalyst for inter-professional collaboration. Med Ref Serv Q. 2005 Fall;24(3):93–102. DOI:

Allen MP, Allison MM, Bandy MM, Kennedy JC, Sherwill-Navarro P. The Magnet journey: opportunities for librarians to partner with nurses. J Med Libr Assoc. 2009 Oct;97(4):302–7. DOI:

Rourke DR. The hospital library as a “magnet force” for a research and evidence-based nursing culture: a case study of two magnet hospitals in one health system. Med Ref Serv Q. 2007 Fall;26(3):47–54. DOI:

MacDonald K, Hrynchak P, Spafford M. Evidence-based practice instruction by faculty members and librarians in North American optometry and ophthalmology programs. J Med Libr Assoc. 2014 Jul;102(3):210–5. DOI:

Schulte S, Bejciy-Spring S, Niese J. Evidence in action rounds: collaborating with nursing to improve care. J Hosp Libr. 2012 Jul;12(3):199–207. DOI:

Wildermuth BM. Applications of social research methods to questions in information and library science. 2nd ed. Santa Barbara, CA: Pearson Education; 2017.

Eldredge JD. Evidence based health sciences librarians. Evid Based Libr Inf Pract. 2016 Jan;11(1):100–2. DOI:

Cooper ID, Crum JA. New activities and changing roles of health sciences librarians: a systematic review, 1990–2012. J Med Libr Assoc. 2013 Oct;101(4):268–77. DOI:

Blake L, Ballance D, Davies K, Gaines JK, Mears K, Shipman P, Connolly-Brown M, Burchfield V. Patron perception and utilization of an embedded librarian program. J Med Libr Assoc. 2016 Jul;104(3):226–30. DOI:






Original Investigation