Health sciences library leadership skills in an interprofessional landscape: a review and textual analysis
Keywords:Leadership, Libraries, Medical, Interprofessional Relations, Librarians
Academic medical libraries sit at the crossroads of the complex landscape of the health sciences. Medical librarians in these environments must navigate and lead endeavors and services that involve many professions. In addition to being excellent leaders in their own professions, medical librarians must also improve their skills in leading in an interprofessional context by informing themselves of the qualities and skills valued in connected professions. In this project, the authors set out to understand leadership principles from three professions closely affiliated with medical librarianship to identify a core interdisciplinary leadership skill set. To do so, we conducted a mapping review of the existing literature from the last five years around leadership in academic medicine, academic nursing, hospital administration, and medical librarianship to identify core leadership skills across the disciplines and discover potential differences. We used text analysis and descriptive analysis to extract skills that were mentioned and uncover trends in the identified literature. Modern medical librarians must extend their leadership beyond the internal library setting, particularly as they become more involved with connecting and collaborating with leaders across disciplines. To successfully navigate such an interdisciplinary landscape and enhance the impact of the library in the broader organization, it is important to have the skills and vocabulary of leadership across the various professions.
This article has been approved for the Medical Library Association’s Independent Reading Program.
Northouse PG. Leadership: theory and practice. 2nd ed. CA: Sage Publications; 2001.
Katz RL. Skills of an effective administrator. Harv Bus Rev. 1955;33(1):33–42.
Katz RL. Skills of an effective administrator. Harv Bus Rev. 1974 Sep;52(5):90–102.
Mumford TV, Campion MA, Morgeson FP. The leadership skills strataplex: leadership skill requirements across organizational levels. Leadersh Q. 2007;18(2):154–66.
Connelly MS, Gilbert JA, Zaccaro SJ, Threlfall KV, Marks MA, Mumford MD. Exploring the relationship of leadership skills and knowledge to leader performance. Leadersh Q. 2000;11(1):65–86.
Mumford MD, Zaccaro SJ, Connelly MS, Marks MA. Leadership skills: conclusions and future directions. Leadersh Q. 2000;11(1):155–70.
Mumford MD, Todd EM, Higgs C, McIntosh T. Cognitive skills and leadership performance: the nine critical skills. Leadersh Q. 2017;28(1):24–39.
Cooper ID. What is a “mapping study?” J Med Libr Assoc. 2016 Jan;104(1):76–8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3163/1536-5050.104.1.013.
Grant MJ, Booth A. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Inf Libr J. 2009 Jun;26(2):91–108.
R Foundation for Statistical Computing. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: The Foundation.
Forbes Coaches Council. 16 essential leadership skills for the workplace of tomorrow [Internet]. Forbes [cited 8 Jul 2020]. <https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescoachescouncil/2017/12/27/16-essential-leadership-skills-for-the-workplace-of-tomorrow/>.
Zhang J. Visualization for information retrieval. Berlin, Germany, and London, UK: Springer; 2007.
Aberese-Ako M, Agyepong IA, van Dijk H. Leadership styles in two Ghanaian hospitals in a challenging environment. Health Policy Plann. 2018 Jul 1;33(suppl 2):ii16–ii26.
Afshari J, Moein Z, Afshari F, Sharifi-Rad J, Balouchi A, Afshari A. A comparison of leadership styles with respect to biographical characteristics. South African J Human Resour Manag. 2017;15(1):1–7.
Aij KH, Teunissen M. Lean leadership attributes: a systematic review of the literature. J Health Organ Manag. 2017 Oct 9;31(7–8):713–29.
Alilyyani B, Wong CA, Cummings G. Antecedents, mediators, and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare: a systematic review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2018 Jul;83:34–64.
Andersson T. The medical leadership challenge in healthcare is an identity challenge. Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl). 2015;28(2):83–99.
Ardestani AS, Asiabar AS, Azar FE, Abtahi SA. The relationship between hospital managers’ leadership style and effectiveness with passing managerial training courses. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2016 Dec 26;30:465.
Bharwani A, Kline T, Patterson M. A stakeholder-based approach to leadership development training: the case of medical education in Canada. Int J Train Dev. 2017 Sep;21(3):211–23.
Bormann L, Abrahamson K. Do staff nurse perceptions of nurse leadership behaviors influence staff nurse job satisfaction? the case of a hospital applying for Magnet® designation. J Nurs Adm. 2014 Apr;44(4):219–25.
Bryant Nguyen H, Thomson CC, Kaminski N, Schnapp LM, Mark Madison J, Glenny RW, Dixon AE. Leadership primer for current and aspiring pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine academic division chiefs. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 Jun;15(6):655–61.
Buckley PF. The medical school dean: leadership and workforce development. Acad Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;38(1):82–5.
Campbell JC, McBride AB, Etcher L, Deming K. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation nurse faculty scholars program leadership training. Nurs Outlook. 2017 65(3):290–302.
Chargualaf KA, Elliott B, Patterson B. From military to academic nursing: embracing an untapped leadership resource. J Nurs Educ. 2018 Jun 1;57(6):355–8.
Claikens B. Leadership development for hospital physicians. J Belg Soc Radiol. 2017 Dec 16;101(suppl 2):19.
Clapp JT, Gordon EKB, Baranov DY, Trey B, Tilin FJ, Fleisher LA. Encouraging reflexivity in a residency leadership development program: expanding outside the competency approach. Acad Med. 2018 Feb;93(2):210–3.
Delmatoff J, Lazarus IR. The most effective leadership style for the new landscape of healthcare. J Healthc Manag. 2014 Jul–Aug;59(4):245–9.
Evans L, Hess CA, Abdelhamid S, Stepleman LM. Leadership development in the context of a university consolidation: an initial evaluation of the authentic leadership pipeline program. J Leadersh Stud. 2016 Fall;10(3):7–21.
Fought RL, Misawa M. Effective leadership in academic health sciences libraries: a qualitative phenomenological study. J Libr Adm. 2016;56(8):974–89.
Giddens J. Transformational leadership: what every nursing dean should know. J Prof Nurs. 2018 Mar–Apr;34(2):117–21.
Harris MB, von Keudell A, McMahon G, Bierer B. Physician self-assessment of leadership skills. Physician Exec. 2014 Mar–Apr;40(2):30–6.
Hartmann D, Mauda R, eds. Who runs this place? an analysis of the leadership of public hospitals in South Africa. 24th International Association for Management of Technology Conference (IAMOT): Technology, Innovation and Management for Sustainable Growth; Graduate School of Technology Management, University of Pretoria; 2015.
Hernandez JS, Poole Jr KG, Grys TE. Discussion: mentoring millennials for future leadership. Physician Leadersh J. 2018 May/Jun;5(3):41–4.
Howell LP, Markwood PS, Zander DS. The Association of Pathology chairs’ pathology leadership academy: experience from the first 2 years. Acad Path. 2019 Jan–Dec;6:2374289519826309.
Khoshhal KI, Guraya SY. Leaders produce leaders and managers produce followers. a systematic review of the desired competencies and standard settings for physicians’ leadership. Saudi Med J. 2016 Oct;37(10):1061–7.
Kron P, Linecker M, Graf R, Clavien PA. Leadership in the 21st century: selection of the future chair and training of the next generation. Eur Surg Acta Chir Austriaca. 2016;48(3):157–62.
Laurent L, Sosenko T, Zamfirova I, Hartwig C. Exploring equality in leadership roles. Physician Leadersh J. 2017 May;4(3):36–9.
Lee E, Daugherty J, Hamelin T. Reimagine health care leadership, challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. J Perianesth Nurs. 2019 Feb;34(1):27–38.
Levine RB, Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Bodurtha J, Skarupski KA, Fivush B. Implementation and evaluation of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine leadership program for women faculty. J Women’s Health. 2015 May;24(5):360–6.
Lorber M, Treven S, Mumel D. The examination of factors relating to the leadership style of nursing leaders in hospitals. Naše gospodarstvo/Our Econ. 2016;62(1):27–36.
Martin J. Transformational and transactional leadership: an exploration of gender, experience, and institution type. portal: Libr Acad. 2015 Apr;15(2):331–51.
Noordegraaf M, Schneider MME, Van Rensen ELJ, Boselie JPPEF. Cultural complementarity: reshaping professional and organizational logics in developing frontline medical leadership. Public Manag Rev. 2016;18(8):1111–37.
North N, Park E. Potential for a web-based tool to confirm and update health management and leadership competencies. experiences of a pilot survey in New Zealand 2012. Asia Pac J Health Manag. 2014;9(2):13–20.
Pesut DJ, Thompson SA. Nursing leadership in academic nursing: the wisdom of development and the development of wisdom. J Prof Nurs. 2018 Mar–Apr;34(2):122–7.
Peters DE, Casale SA, Halyard MY, Frey KA, Bunkers BE, Caubet SL. The evolution of leadership: a perspective from Mayo Clinic. Physician Exec. 2014 40(3):24–32.
Pingleton SK, Jones EV, Rosolowski TA, Zimmerman MK. Silent bias: challenges, obstacles, and strategies for leadership development in academic medicine-lessons from oral histories of women professors at the University of Kansas. Acad Med. 2016 Aug;91(8):1151–7.
Salazar DH, Herndon JH, Vail TP, Zuckerman JD, Gelberman RH. Academic orthopaedic leadership: current challenges and lessons learned: AOA critical issues. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Aug 1;100(15):e103.
Satiani B. Preparing physicians for leadership positions in academic medicine. Physician Leadersh J. 2016 Mar–Apr;3(2):58–61.
Sebastian JG, Breslin ET, Trautman DE, Cary AH, Rosseter RJ, Vlahov D. Leadership by collaboration: nursing’s bold new vision for academic-practice partnerships. J Prof Nurs. 2018 Mar–Apr;34(2):110–6.
Singer SJ, Hayes JE, Gray GC, Kiang MV. Making time for learning-oriented leadership in multidisciplinary hospital management groups. Health Care Manag Rev. 2015 Oct–Dec;40(4):300–12.
Sterbenz JM, Chung KC. The Affordable Care Act and its effects on physician leadership: a qualitative systematic review. Qual Manag Health Care. 2017 Oct/Dec;26(4):177–83.
Tooey MJ. We can be heroes: MLA’s leadership journey(s). J Med Libr Assoc. 2017 Jan;105(1):88. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2017.127.
Top M, Akdere M, Tarcan M. Examining transformational leadership, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and organizational trust in Turkish hospitals: public servants versus private sector employees. Int J Human Resour Manag. 2015;26(9):1259–82.
Van Gorder M, Kearns D, Hong P. The need for physician leadership training: a survey of the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology members. Physician Leadersh J. 2015 Mar–Apr;2(2):70–5.
Veenema TG, Deruggiero K, Losinski S, Barnett D. Hospital administration and nursing leadership in disasters: an exploratory study using concept mapping. Nurs Adm Q. 2017 Apr/Jun;41(2):151–63.
Vender RJ. Leadership: an overview. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Mar;110(3):362–7.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.